Factbox: Abdalla Hamdok from Sudan | Reuters

November 21 (Reuters) – Sudanese military leaders released Abdalla Hamdok from house arrest and reinstated him as prime minister less than a month after he dissolved his government in a coup. Read more


– Prior to becoming Prime Minister, Hamdok worked for the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa, the African Development Bank and as a Special Advisor to the Trade and Development Bank in Ethiopia. He studied economics at the universities of Khartoum and Manchester.

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– He was appointed Prime Minister in August 2019 by the Sovereign Council, a ruling body made up of civilians and the military that was set up to oversee a transition to democracy following the overthrow of the longtime autocrat Omar al-Bashir.

– Upon taking office, he said his priorities included solving an economic crisis, reducing the public debt burden and achieving peace in a country long torn by civil wars.

– He quickly entered into discussions with the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank to discuss the restructuring of Sudan’s debt.

– He also opened talks with the United States to remove Sudan from its list of states that sponsor terrorism, a designation that has isolated Sudan from the international financial system since 1993. Sudan was removed from the list in 2020 .

Sudanese Prime Minister Abdalla Hamdok and German Chancellor Angela Merkel (not pictured) speak to the media at the Chancellery in Berlin, Germany, February 14, 2020. REUTERS / Hannibal Hanschke / File Photo

– Under his leadership, the IMF accepted Sudan into the Heavily Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC) initiative based on the country’s commitment to macroeconomic reforms. This meant that Sudan could finally get over $ 56 billion in debt relief and access new funds.

– The economic reforms he promoted included the removal of fuel subsidies that cost several billion dollars a year, as well as the devaluation and floating of the currency. He also sought to bring companies belonging to the security forces under government control.

– A few weeks before being dismissed from his post on October 25, he acknowledged the difficulties resulting from the reforms but expressed the hope that their positive impact would be felt very soon on the ground. “The Sudanese people have borne a very high cost of the reforms and we cannot take their patience for granted,” he said.

– He is a strong supporter of Sudan’s transition to a civilian-led regime. As tensions grew between the military and civilians in the power-sharing administration in September, Hamdok presented a roadmap to emerge from the crisis.

“I am neither neutral nor mediator in this conflict. My clear and firm position is full alignment with the civil democratic transition,” he said.

– His position won him the support of the population. During rallies against the coup, protesters carried pictures of Hamdok and hung banners featuring him on billboards.

– After signing an agreement to return as prime minister, he said he did so to stop the bloodshed after several dozen civilians were killed during protests.

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Writing by Tom Perry Editing by Peter Graff, Kirsten Donovan and Angus MacSwan

Our Standards: Thomson Reuters Trust Principles.

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